VIETNAM

The Nguyen Phuoc Dynasty

GENEALOGY

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1885 - 1889 H.M. [Nguyễn-Phúc Bien] Đồng Khánh [Cảnh Tông Thuần Hoàng Đế], King of Annam. b. 19th February 1864, as Nguyễn Phúc Ưng Kỷ, eldest son of H.H. Prince Nguyễn-Phúc Huong Hoi-ou Cai, Thuan Nghi Kien-Thoi Vương, by Bùi Thị Thạnh, educ. privately. Received the names of Nguyn-Phúc Ưng Xuy and Nguyn-Phúc Đường. Adopted by his uncle, Emperor Tự Đức, granted the title of Hoàng Tử with the personal appellation of Chánh Mông1879. Raised to the title of Kiên Giang Qun Công 30th July 1883. Proclaimed as Emperor 14th September 1885. Enthroned at the Thái Ḥa Palace, Huế, with the reign name of of Bien and the era of Đng Khánh, 20th September 1885. Granted the posthumous title of Cnh Tông Hoằng Liệt Thống Thiết Mẫn Huệ Thuần Hoàng Đế with the temple name Phng Tiên. m. (first) at Huế, September 1885, H.M. Grand Empress Dowager Khon-Nguyên Xuong-Minh (b. 22nd December 1870; d. 9th November 1935, bur. Tháng Cung Mausoleum, Dương Xuân Thượng, Hương Thủy, in Thừa Thiên province), granted the title of Hoàng Quí phi 14th September 1885, prom. to Phụ Thiên Thuần Hoàng Hậu 20th September 1885, elevated to the title of Khon-Nguyễn Xuong-Minh Thai-Hoàng-Thái Hâu 19th March 1933, and prom. to the posthumous title of Phụ Thiên Dực Thánh Khôn Nguyên Xương Minh Mục Từ Quảng Trang Tĩnh Nhân Thọ Thuần Hoàng Hậu by Emperor Bảo Đại, née Nguyễn Hữu Thị Nhàn, second daughter of H.E. Nguyễn Hữu Độ, Duke of Vĩnh (Vĩnh Quốc Công), from Thanh Hóa province, Kinh Lược (High Commissioner) for Tonkin 1886-1888 and Minister for Public Functions 1884-1886. m. (second) at the Imperial Palace, Huế, 28th September1886, H.M. Empress Hựu Thiên Thuần (Hựu Thiên Thuần Hoàng-hậu) (b. at Trung-Kien, Huế, 18th April 1868; d. at the Truong-Sanh Palace, Huế, 17th September 1944, bur. An Cựu, Hương Thủy, in Thừa Thiên province), granted the title of Ḥa Tần 1886, prom toTiệp Dư 1899, Hoàng Thái phi 1916, Khôn Nghi Hoàng Thái Hậu 16th January 1924, to Khôn Nghi Xương Đức Thái Hoàng Thái Hậu 20th March 1933, and finally to the posthumous title of Hựu Thiên Tương Thánh Khôn Nghi Xương Đức Khoan Hậu Từ Ḥa Thọ Khang Trang Túc Thuần Hoàng Hậu, née Dương Thị Thục, daughter of H.E. Dương Quang Hường, Duke of Phú Lộc (Phú Lộc Quận Công), from Phú Lộc, in Thừa Thiên province. m. (a) Trần (Đăng) Thị Đồng, Quan phi. m. (b) Hồ Thị Qui, Tiệp dư. m. (c) ... Bá Hiệp. m. (d) Hồ Thị Nhỏ, Tiệp dư. He d. at the Imperial Palace, Huế, 28th January 1889 (bur. Tư Lăng Mausoleum, Dương Xuân Thượng, Thủy Xuân, in Thừa Thiên province), having had issue, six sons and four daughters:
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1889 - 1907 H.M. [Nguyễn-Phúc Bửu Lan] Thành Thái [Hoang Phu Hoàng Đế], King of Annam. b. 14th March 1879, seventh son of H.M. [Nguyễn-Phúc Ưng Chan] Duc-Đức [Cung Huệ Hoàng Đế], Emperor of Dai Viet, by his first wife, H.M. Empress Dowager Từ Minh Huệ, educ. privately. Granted the title of Hoài Trạch Công (Prince of Hoài Trạch). Adopted by To-Duc. Selected by the family as successor to King Dong Kanh, 29th January 1889. Proclaimed at Huế, 31st January 1889 and enthroned there at the Palace of Thai-Hoa with the era name of Thành Thái, 1st February 1889. Reigned under a Council of Regency. Deposed by the French 30th July 1907 and exiled to the island of Vung Tau. Thereafter styled His Highness Prince Bửu Lan, Hoàng phu (Father of the Emperor). Exiled to Réunion with his son 2nd July 1916. Granted leave to returned to Saigon in 1947. Rcvd: GC of the Royal Order of Cambodia, and the Legion of Honour of France (1889). m. (first) Nguyễn Thị Đinh (bur. An Lăng Mausoleum, An Cựu, Hương Thủy, in Thừa Thiên province), who was raised to the rank of Tài Nhân 1900, and became First Queen Mother (Hoàng Dich Mau) in 1907, eldest daughter of H.E. Nguyễn Van Thạnh, of Ho Quyền, Dương Xuân, Hương Thủy, in Thừa Thiên province, by Dang Thị Tram, sometime Regent and C-in-C of the Imperial Forces. m. (second) Nguyễn Thị Vân Anh, Đệ Nhất Giai Phi, daughter of Nguyễn Vân Thân. m. (third) 1899, Nguyễn Thị Kiều, My Tân (b. 1884), from Giạ Lê, Hương Thủy, in Thừa Thiên province. m. (fourth) Đoàn Thị Châu, who became the Second Queen Mother (Hoàng Sinh Mau) in 1907. m. (fifth) Hồ Thị Nhàn, Giai Triệu, daughter of Hồ Tri Phu, of Bảo Vĩnh. m. (sixth) Hồ Thị Mừng (Chi Lac) (d. at Ho Chi Minh City, 1996, bur. Huế), styled Hoàng phi from 1947, younger daughter of Hồ Tri Phu, of Bảo Vĩnh, who had issue two children b. 1913 and 1914. He d. at Bien Hoa, 24th March 1954 (bur. in his father’s tomb at An Lăng, Dương Xuân, Hương Thủy, in Thừa Thiên province), having had issue, nineteen sons and twenty-six daughters:
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1907 - 1916 H.M. [Nguyên-Phúc Vĩnh San] Duy Tân, King of Annam. b. at Huế, 3rd August 1900, fifth son of H.M. [Nguyên-Phúc Bửu Lan] Thành-Thái [Hoang Phu Hoàng Đế], King of Annam, by his first wife, H.M. the First Queen Mother Nguyễn Thị Đinh, educ. privately. Succeeded, 3rd September 1907. Enthroned at the Thái Ḥa Palace, Huế, with the era name of Duy Tân, 5th September 1907. Deposed by the French authorities 10th May 1916, and exiled to Réunion in the Indian Ocean 2nd July 1916 (together with his wife, mother and sister). Thereafter styled His Highness and Prince Vĩnh San. Joined the Free French Forces and secretly cmsnd as a Sub-Lieut 5/12/1942, prom Lieut 5/12/1943, served as a private 2nd class in the Colonial forces 3/1/1944, Corporal (?) 15/2/1944, prom Capt 5/12/1944, Maj 9th (Colonial) Infantry Dvsn. 20/7/1945, prom Lieut-Col 25/9/1945. His support for the Free French attracted the attention of General de Gaulle who, it is said, intended to send him back to Vietnam as Emperor, in an effort to reconcile the different factions there and to secure the country to France. Some authorities say that he was returning to Reunion to take leave of his family, before flying on to Saigon, when he met with a fatal aeroplane accident. Presdt ARDA TSF (Reunion) 1932-1945. Mbr of the lodge L’Amitié in St Denis on Réunion. Rcvd: GC of the Order of the Legion of Honour, Companion of the the Order of the Libération (1946), Resistance Medal (28.12.1944) with rosette (posth. 24.4.1946) of France. m. (first) at Huế, 30th January 1916 (sep. 1917), Mai Thị Vàng, Hoàng Quí Phi (b. 1899; d. at Huế, 11th March 1980, bur. Kim Long, Thừa Thiên, Huế), returned to Annam 1917, eldest daughter of Mai Khắc Đôn, of Kim Long, Huong Long, Huong Tra dist., sometime Thượng thư, a Mandarin and sometime Tutor to King Duy Tân. m. (a) at Saint-Denis, Réunion, 1918, Marie-Anne, née Viale. m. (b) at Saint-Denis, Réunion, January 1929 (sep. 1938), Fernande Antier (b. 1913; d. at Dau, France, 12th February 2005), of Salazie, Reunion, daughter of the family cook. m. (c) at Saint-Denis, Réunion, 1938, Marie-Ernestine Yvette, née Maillot, of Saint-Benoit, Reunion. He was k. in an air accident near the village of Bossako, Lobaye, Oubangui-Chari, 26th December 1945 (bur. at An Lăng, Hương Thủy, Thừa Thiên, Huế, 6th April 1987), having had issue, five sons and five daughters by his unofficial wives. His surviving issue by the last two assumed the name of Vĩnh-San as a family name, after their father’s death:
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