1847 - 1883 H.M. [Nguyễn-Phúc Hồng Nhậm] Hương Thi [Tự Đức] [Dực Tông Anh Hoàng Đế], Emperor of Dai Viet. b. at the Imperial Purple Forbidden City, Huế, 22nd September 1829, as Nguyễn-Phúc Thi, second son of H.M. [Nguyễn-Phúc Tuyền] Thiệu Trị [Hiến Tổ Chương Hoàng Đế], Emperor of Đai Nam, by his second wife, H.M. the Grand Empress Dowager Từ Dũ [Nghi-Thien Chuong Hoàng Hâu] [Co-Hang], educ. privately. Granted the title of Phươc Tuy Công (Duke of Phươc Tuy) 1843. Proclaimed on the death of his father, 4th November1847. Enthroned at the Thái Ḥa Palace, Huế, with the era name of Hường Nhậm and the title of Đai Nam Hoàng-Đe, 10th November 1847. Assumed the reign name of Hường Th́, 29th October 1848. Concluded the first treaty of cession with France on 5th June 1862, by which the provinces of Biên Ḥa, Sài G̣n and Mỹ Tho were ceded to France. Forced to to transfer Vĩnh Long, Châu Đốc and Hà Tiên to France in 1867. Concluded a second treaty on 15th March 1874 in which he recognised French sovereignty over Lower Indo-China. Raised to the posthumous title of Dực Tông Thể Thiên Hanh Vận Chí Thành Đạt Hiếu Thể Kiện Đôn Nhân Khiêm Cung Minh Lược Duệ Văn Anh Hoàng Đế. A scholarly and intellectual personality who wrote a large number of works in both Nôm and Chinese, including “Bộ Việt Sử Tống Vịnh Thư Tập” on history, “Từ Huấn Lục” on morality and duty, “Luận Ngữ Diễn Ca” on language, “Thập Điều Diễn” a book on commandments and “Tự Đức Thánh Chế Thư Tập” (sacred poems). m. (first) at Huế, 1831, H.M. Empress Lệ Thiên Anh (Lệ Thiên Anh Hoàng Hậu) (b. 30th June 1828; d. at Huế, 24th May 1902, bur. Khiêm Thọ Mausoleum, Nguyệt Biều, Hương Thủy, in Thừa Thiên province), styled Cung Tần 1848, prom. to Phi Tần 1850, Thuần Phi 1860, Trung Phi 1860, Hoàng Quí Phi 1870, Trang ƯHoàng Thái Hậu April 1887, Trang ƯThuận Hiếu Thái Hoàng Thái Hậu 1889, and posthumously prom. to Lệ Thiên Phụ Thánh Trang ƯThuận Hiếu Cần Thứ ôn Từ Hiền Minh Tĩnh Thọ Anh Hoàng Hậu 1902, née Vũ Thị Duyên, daughter of H.E. Vũ Xuân Cẩn, Lệ Quốc Công, sometime Minister for Justice, from Hài, Lệ Thủy, in Quảng B́nh province. m. (second) Nguyễn Thị Cẩm, Thiện phi (cre. 1860), who adopted Prince Ưng Thi, daughter of H.E. Nguyễn Đ́nh Tân, from Quảng Điền, in Thừa Thiên province, sometime Kinh Lược (High Commissioner) of Hải An and Tổng đốc (Governor) of Định An province. m. (third) Nguyễn Thị Hương, Học phi, who adopted Prince Ưng Hổ. m. (fourth) Lê Thị ... , Cung phi. m. (fifth) Bang phi. m. (sixth) at Huế, 1848, Nguyễn Nhược Thị Bích, Lễ Tần (d. 1909, aged about eighty years), styled Tài Nhân 1850, prom. to Mỹ Nhân, Quí Nhân and Tiệp Dư in 1860, later advanced to Tiệp DưPhu Tử, and finally Lễ Tần in 1892, a noted poetess, daughter of Nguyễn Nhược Sơn, from Lương Đoàn, An Phước, in Ninh Thuận province, sometime Bộ chính of Thanh Hóa. He d.s.p.m. at Huế, 19th July 1883 (bur. Khiêm Lăng Mausoleum, Dương Xuân Thượng, Hương Thủy, in Thừa Thiên province), reputed to have had one hundred and three wives and concubines, but sired an only known daughter:
11) H.H. Prince (Hoàng tử) Nguyễn-Phúc Bửu Lỗi [Bửu Lộc], Duke of Mỹ Hóa (Mỹ Hóa Quận Công). b. at Huế, 19th April 1884, educ. privately. He d.s.p. 20th May 1902 (bur. An Cựu, Huế), having adopted one son.
1) H.H. Princess (Hoàng nữ) Tốn Tùy [Mệ Bông], Princess of Mỹ Lương (Mỹ Lương Trưởng Công chúa). b. at Huế, 1872, educ. privately.Raised to the title of Mỹ Lương Trưởng Công chúa 1897. A great patron of the arts, especially ballet and music. Mbr. Dong-ton-tuong-te Assoc., and Lac-Thien Benefit Soc. Rcvd: the Kim-tien 1st class (1935), and the Kim-khanh 1st class (1937). m. 1910, H.E. Nguyễn Kế (d. before 1943), sometime Minister for War, son of H.E. Nguyễn Thân, Duke of Diễn Lộc (Diễn Lộc Quận Công), sometime First Regent of the Empire. She d. at Huế, 1917.
2) H.H. Princess (Hoàng nữ) Môn Gia, Princess of Phúc Lâm (Phúc Lâm Công chúa).
8) H.H. Princess (Hoàng nữ) Châu Hoàn, Princess of Tân Phong (Tân Phong Công chúa). b. at the Imperial Purple Forbidden City, Huế, 1883, educ. privately. Raised to the title of Tân Phong Công chúa 1909. Mbr Dong-ton-tuong-te Assoc, and Lac-Thien Benefit Soc. Rcvd: the Kim-boi Decoration 1st class (1929), and the Kim-khanh Decoration 1st class (1937). m. 1907, H.E. Nguyễn Hữu Kham, Pḥ mă Đô úy, son of H.E. Nguyễn Hữu Độ, Duke of Vĩnh (Vĩnh Quốc Công), sometime Imperial High Commissioner for Tonkin and Minister for Public Functions. She had issue, including a daughter:
a) Nguyễn Hữu Bich Tien. m. H.H. Prince Nguyễn-Phúc Vĩnh Cẩn (b. at Huế, 1914), Hoang Tung Do 1932, Chief of the Private Secretariat 1932-1933 & 1939-1940, Chief of the Interior Bureau 1933-1936, assigned to Ministry of Finance 1936-1939, Chief of Protocol 1940, Chief of the Civil Household of the Head of State 1950-1955, son of H.H. Nguyễn-Phúc Bửu Phong, sometime Presdt of the Imperial Family Council – see above.
1883 - 1884 H.M. [Nguyễn-Phúc Hồ] Kiến Phúc [Giản Tông Nghị Hoàng Đế], Emperor of Dai Viet. b. at the Imperial Purple Forbidden City, Huế, 12th February 1869, as Nguyễn-Phúc Hieu, second son of H.H. Prince Nguyên-Phúc Hồng Cai, Kiên Thái Vương,by Búi Thị Thạnh, Kiên Thái Vương phi, educ. privately. Adopted by Emperor Tự Đức and Nguyễn Thị Cẩm, Thiện phi, in 1870 when he was given the name Dưỡng Thiện Ưng Đăng. Later given the name Ưng Hồ when invested with the title of Hoàng tử. Succeeded 29th November 1883. Enthroned at the Thái Ḥa Palace, Huế, with the reign name of Hieu, 2nd December 1883. Assumed the era name of Kiến Phúc, 27th January 1884. Reigned under the Regency of Prince Gia-Hung. Accepted a new treaty with France and recognised Annam and Tonkin as protectorates, 6th June 1884. Granted the posthumous title of Giản Tông Thiệu Đức Chí Hiếu Uyên Duệ Nghị Hoàng Đế. He d.s.p. at Huế, 31st July 1884 (bur. Bối Lăng Mausoleum, Dương Xuân Thượng, Hương Thủy, in Thừa Thiên province).
1884 - 1885 H.M. [Nguyễn-Phúc Ưng Lịch] Hàm Nghi [Hien-Tong Chuong Hoàng Đế], King of Annam. b. at the Imperial Purple Forbidden City, Huế, 3rd August 1871, as Nguyễn-Phúc Minh, youngest son of H.H. Prince Nguyễn-Phúc Hồng Cai, Kiên Thái Vương, by Phan Thị Nhàn educ. privately. Styled Nguyễn-Phúc Ưng Lịch before his accession. Succeeded on the death of his brother, 31st July 1884. Enthroned at the Thái Ḥa Palace, in the Imperial Purple Forbidden City, Huế, with the reign name of Minh, 2nd August 1884. Assumed the era name of Hàm Nghi, 15th February 1885. At his accession, the French authorities ordered that the Imperial title (Dai Nam Hoàng Đế) be translated as King of Annam (Hoàng Đế An Nam), in order to demonstrate more clearly that he was a ruler under the protection of France and that the country was nolonger a great power. Deposed by the French in favour of Đơng Khánh, 23rd July 1885, captured and exiled to Algeria 13th December 1888. Thereafter styled His Highness and Prince of Annam (Hoàng thân An Nam).Settled in the village of El-Bair, in the hills above Algiers, where he became a skilled artist and sculptor, within a wide circle of French artistic and intellectual friends. m. at the Cathedral of St Philip, Algiers, 4th November 1904, H.H. Marcelle Aimée Léonie, Princess of Annam (b. at Algiers, 2nd July 1884; d. at the Château de Losse, Thonac, Dordogne, France, 5th September 1974, bur. there), styled Princess of Annam (Công chúa An Nam), daughter of François Ferrer Laloë, sometime magistrate and judge of the Court of Appeal in Algiers, by his Eurasian wife, Suzanne, née Ving, daughter of Aimée Souham. He d. at the Villa Gia Long, El-Biar, near Algiers, 14th January 1943 (bur. there, transferred to France in 1965 and reburied at the Château de Losse, Thonac, Dordogne), having had issue, one son and two daughters by his wife (and one other son by an irregular union, now resident in France with issue, but on whom there are no publicly available details):
1) Colonel H.H. Prince (Hoàng tử) Nguyễn-Phúc Minh Đức [Jean Ung Lich Ham Nghi d’Annam]. b. at Villa Gia Long, El-Biar, near Algiers, 6th July 1910, educ. l’École speciale militaire de St Cyr, Paris, France. Cmsnd as 2nd Lieut. 1st Regt., Foreign Legion 1943, served in WW2 in the Battle of France 1939-1940 and in North Africa 1944-1945 with the Artillery Dvsn and the Spahis, and served in Algeria 1954-1961, retd as Col. Rcvd: Croix de Guerre with palms of France. m. 14th December 1945, H.H. Princess Renée-Paule Minh Đức (b. 8th October 1918), née Bonnaud. He d.s.p. 1990 (bur. Château de Losse, Thonac, Dordogne, France).
2) H.H. Princess (Công chúa) Như Lư [Comtesse de La Besse]. b. at Villa Gia Long, El-Biar, near Algiers, 22nd July 1908. m. 20th April 1933, François Barthomivat, Count de La Besse (b. 3rd February 1905). She d. at Château de La Nauche, Vigeois, Dordogne, France, 9th July 2005 (bur. Château de Losse, Thonac), having had issue, one son and two daughters:
a) Philippe Barthomivat, Viscount de La Besse. b. 25th February 1937 (Château de La Nauche, 19410 Vigeois, France). m. Jane Boardman. No issue.
a) Françoise Barthomivat de la Besse. m. Jacques Matis de Bisschop. She has issue, two sons and one daughter:
i) Marc Matis de Bisschop. b. 31st January 1960. MD CEDITOUL S.A.R.L. and CEDICAN S.A.R.L., Toulouse. m. Veronique, née Dupui.