VIETNAM

The Nguyen Phuoc Dynasty

GENEALOGY

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1847 - 1883 H.M. [Nguyễn-Phc Hồng Nhậm] Hương Thi [Tự Đức] [Dực Tng Anh Hong Đế], Emperor of Dai Viet. b. at the Imperial Purple Forbidden City, Huế, 22nd September 1829, as Nguyễn-Phc Thi, second son of H.M. [Nguyễn-Phc Tuyền] Thiệu Trị [Hiến Tổ Chương Hong Đế], Emperor of ai Nam, by his second wife, H.M. the Grand Empress Dowager Từ Dũ [Nghi-Thien Chuong Hong Hu] [Co-Hang], educ. privately. Granted the title of Phươc Tuy Cng (Duke of Phươc Tuy) 1843. Proclaimed on the death of his father, 4th November1847. Enthroned at the Thi Ha Palace, Huế, with the era name of Hường Nhậm and the title of ai Nam Hong-e, 10th November 1847. Assumed the reign name of Hường Th, 29th October 1848. Concluded the first treaty of cession with France on 5th June 1862, by which the provinces of Bin Ha, Si Gn and Mỹ Tho were ceded to France. Forced to to transfer Vĩnh Long, Chu Đốc and H Tin to France in 1867. Concluded a second treaty on 15th March 1874 in which he recognised French sovereignty over Lower Indo-China. Raised to the posthumous title of Dực Tng Thể Thin Hanh Vận Ch Thnh Đạt Hiếu Thể Kiện Đn Nhn Khim Cung Minh Lược Duệ Văn Anh Hong Đế. A scholarly and intellectual personality who wrote a large number of works in both Nm and Chinese, including Bộ Việt Sử Tống Vịnh Thư Tập on history, Từ Huấn Lục on morality and duty, Luận Ngữ Diễn Ca on language, Thập Điều Diễn a book on commandments and Tự Đức Thnh Chế Thư Tập (sacred poems). m. (first) at Huế, 1831, H.M. Empress Lệ Thin Anh (Lệ Thin Anh Hong Hậu) (b. 30th June 1828; d. at Huế, 24th May 1902, bur. Khim Thọ Mausoleum, Nguyệt Biều, Hương Thủy, in Thừa Thin province), styled Cung Tần 1848, prom. to Phi Tần 1850, Thuần Phi 1860, Trung Phi 1860, Hong Qu Phi 1870, Trang Hong Thi Hậu April 1887, Trang Thuận Hiếu Thi Hong Thi Hậu 1889, and posthumously prom. to Lệ Thin Phụ Thnh Trang Thuận Hiếu Cần Thứ n Từ Hiền Minh Tĩnh Thọ Anh Hong Hậu 1902, ne Vũ Thị Duyn, daughter of H.E. Vũ Xun Cẩn, Lệ Quốc Cng, sometime Minister for Justice, from Hi, Lệ Thủy, in Quảng Bnh province. m. (second) Nguyễn Thị Cẩm, Thiện phi (cre. 1860), who adopted Prince Ưng Thi, daughter of H.E. Nguyễn Đnh Tn, from Quảng Điền, in Thừa Thin province, sometime Kinh Lược (High Commissioner) of Hải An and Tổng đốc (Governor) of Định An province. m. (third) Nguyễn Thị Hương, Học phi, who adopted Prince Ưng Hổ. m. (fourth) L Thị ... , Cung phi. m. (fifth) Bang phi. m. (sixth) at Huế, 1848, Nguyễn Nhược Thị Bch, Lễ Tần (d. 1909, aged about eighty years), styled Ti Nhn 1850, prom. to Mỹ Nhn, Qu Nhn and Tiệp Dư in 1860, later advanced to Tiệp Dư Phu T, and finally Lễ Tần in 1892, a noted poetess, daughter of Nguyễn Nhược Sơn, from Lương Đon, An Phước, in Ninh Thuận province, sometime Bộ chnh of Thanh Ha. He d.s.p.m. at Huế, 19th July 1883 (bur. Khim Lăng Mausoleum, Dương Xun Thượng, Hương Thủy, in Thừa Thin province), reputed to have had one hundred and three wives and concubines, but sired an only known daughter:
Emperor Hương Thi adopted a younger son of Prince Nguyn-Phc Hồng Y and two sons of Prince Prince Nguyn-Phc Hng Cai (see above):
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1883  H.M. [Nguyễn-Phc Ưng Chn] Duc-Đức [Cung Tng Huệ Hong Đế], Emperor of Dai Viet. b. at Huế, 23rd February 1852, as Nguyễn-Phc Ưng i, second surviving son of H.H. Prince Nguyễn-Phc Hồng Y, Thụy Thi Vương and Trần Thị Nga and Trần Thị Nga, Đệ Nhất Phủ Thiếp, educ. Adopted by Emperor Tự Đức and granted the name of Duc Đức 1870. Granted the names Nguyễn-Phc Ưng Chn, and Nguyn-Phc Ưng ien. Granted the title of Thụy Quốc Cng (Duke of Thuy) 1883. Appointed to the title of Hong Truong t(First Prince Imperial) in 1871. Succeeded on the death of his uncle and adopted father, 19th July 1882, but was deposed 21st July 1883. m. (first) H.M. Grand Empress T Minh [] (b. 8th September 1855; d. 27th December 1906, bur. An Lăng Mausoleum, An Cựu, Hương Thủy, in Thừa Thin province), raised to the title of Tứ Minh Huệ Hong Thi Hậu by Emperor Thnh Thi in 1892, ne Phan Thị Điều, daughter of H.E. Phan Đnh Bnh, Prince of Ph (Ph Quốc Cng), from Quảng Điền, in Thừa Thin province. He d. (starved to death) at Thua Thien prison, 6th October 1883 (bur. An Lăng Mausoleum, An Cựu, Hương Thủy, in Thừa Thin province), having had issue, eleven sons and eight daughters: Copyright Christopher Buyers
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1883  H.M. [Nguyễn-Phc Hồng Dật] Hiệp Ha [Cảnh Tng Hong ế], Emperor of Dai Viet. b. at the Imperial Purple Forbidden City, Huế, 1st November 1847,as Nguyễn-Phc Ưng Thăng, youngest son of H.M. [Nguyễn-Phc Min Tong] Thieu-Tri [Hien-to Chuong Hong ế], Emperor of Dai Nam, educ. privately. Raised to the title of Văn Lng Quận cng with the name of Nguyễn-Phc Hồng Dật (i.e. Nguyễn-Phc Huong-Dat, Duke of Lang) 1865, and prom. to Lng Quốc cng 1878. Proclaimed after the deposition of his cousin, 23rd July 1883. Enthroned at the Thi Ha Palace, Huế, with the era name of Hiệp Ha, 30th July 1883. Deposed 29th November 1883. Granted the posthumous title of Cảnh Tng Hoằng Liệt Thống Thiết Mẫn Huệ Thuần Hong Đế 28th January 1889. He was k. (forced to commit suicide) by the Mandarins Nguyen Van Tuong and Ton That Thuyet, at Huế, 29th November 1883 (bur. An Bnh, Dương Xun Thượng, Thủy Xun, in Thừa Thin province), having had issue, including a daughter: Copyright Christopher Buyers
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1883 - 1884 H.M. [Nguyễn-Phc Hồ] Kiến Phc [Giản Tng Nghị Hong Đế], Emperor of Dai Viet. b. at the Imperial Purple Forbidden City, Huế, 12th February 1869, as Nguyễn-Phc Hieu, second son of H.H. Prince Nguyn-Phc Hồng Cai, Kin Thi Vương, by Bi Thị Thạnh, Kin Thi Vương phi, educ. privately. Adopted by Emperor Tự Đức and Nguyễn Thị Cẩm, Thiện phi, in 1870 when he was given the name Dưỡng Thiện Ưng Đăng. Later given the name Ưng Hồ when invested with the title of Hong t. Succeeded 29th November 1883. Enthroned at the Thi Ha Palace, Huế, with the reign name of Hieu, 2nd December 1883. Assumed the era name of Kiến Phc, 27th January 1884. Reigned under the Regency of Prince Gia-Hung. Accepted a new treaty with France and recognised Annam and Tonkin as protectorates, 6th June 1884. Granted the posthumous title of Giản Tng Thiệu Đức Ch Hiếu Uyn Duệ Nghị Hong Đế. He d.s.p. at Huế, 31st July 1884 (bur. Bối Lăng Mausoleum, Dương Xun Thượng, Hương Thủy, in Thừa Thin province).
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1884 - 1885 H.M. [Nguyễn-Phc Ưng Lịch] Hm Nghi [Hien-Tong Chuong Hong ế], King of Annam. b. at the Imperial Purple Forbidden City,  Huế, 3rd August 1871, as Nguyễn-Phc Minh, youngest son of H.H. Prince Nguyễn-Phc Hồng Cai, Kin Thi Vương, by Phan Thị Nhn educ. privately. Styled Nguyễn-Phc Ưng Lịch before his accession. Succeeded on the death of his brother, 31st July 1884. Enthroned at the Thi Ha Palace, in the Imperial Purple Forbidden City, Huế, with the reign name of Minh, 2nd August 1884. Assumed the era name of Hm Nghi, 15th February 1885. At his accession, the French authorities ordered that the Imperial title (Dai Nam Hong ế) be translated as King of Annam (Hong ế An Nam), in order to demonstrate more clearly that he was a ruler under the protection of France and that the country was nolonger a great power. Deposed by the French in favour of Đng Khnh, 23rd July 1885, captured and exiled to Algeria 13th December 1888. Thereafter styled His Highness and Prince of Annam (Hong thn An Nam). Settled in the village of El-Bair, in the hills above Algiers, where he became a skilled artist and sculptor, within a wide circle of French artistic and intellectual friends. m. at the Cathedral of St Philip, Algiers, 4th November 1904, H.H. Marcelle Aime Lonie, Princess of Annam (b. at Algiers, 2nd July 1884; d. at the Chteau de Losse, Thonac, Dordogne, France, 5th September 1974, bur. there), styled Princess of Annam (Cng cha An Nam), daughter of Franois Ferrer Lalo, sometime magistrate and judge of the Court of Appeal in Algiers, by his Eurasian wife, Suzanne, ne Ving, daughter of Aime Souham. He d. at the Villa Gia Long, El-Biar, near Algiers, 14th January 1943 (bur. there, transferred to France in 1965 and reburied at the Chteau de Losse, Thonac, Dordogne), having had issue, one son and two daughters by his wife (and one other son by an irregular union, now resident in France with issue, but on whom there are no publicly available details):
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